TEFL China

Teaching Languages Through TESOL TPRS

发表时间:2021-10-12 13:18作者:TESOL in China

Teaching Languages Through TPRS  

Blaine Ray invented TPRS in the 1990’s, which is a teaching methodology for foreign languages. The methodology was influenced both by Stephen Krashen’s theory and by Dr. James Asher’s method.

The methodology does not have much academic research to back it up, but many educators have created their own materials and texts. They have also taken the initiative to host and speak at several conferences to teach TPRS to other foreign language educators.

TPRS focuses on Stephen Krashen’s 5 hypotheses included in his monitor model.


The five hypotheses include:

1, Acquisition-Learning Hypothesis

2, Monitor Hypothesis

3, Natural Order Hypothesis

4, Input Hypothesis

5, Affective Filter Hypothesis

Language acquisition does not require extensive use of conscious grammatical rules, and does not require tedious drill. Acquisition requires meaningful interaction in the target language-natural communication-in which speakers are concerned not with the form of their utterances but with the messages they are conveying and understanding. The best methods are therefore those that supply “comprehensible input” in low anxiety situations, containing messages that students really want to hear.   These methods do not force early production in the second language, but allow students to produce when they are “ready”, recognizing that improvement comes from supplying communicative and comprehensible input, and not from forcing and correcting production.

With every teaching method, there are going to be both advantages and disadvantages. Not every student is the same type of learner and not every teacher is the same type of educator. Some things may work for one person and will not be as effective for another. It is important to keep advantages and disadvantages of TPRS in mind while moving forward in the practice.


1.A comfortable environment is established as grammar errors and pronunciation are not what students are assessed on, but are instead assessed on their effort during story creations and involvement with participation in stories and reading.

2.Students hear comprehensible input.

3.Classroom environment is interactive and active.

4.Surveys have shown that students find TPRS to be fun and engaging.

5.Acquisition is the goal that students work towards creating meaning and understanding one another.

6.Works to develop fluency, rather than accuracy(can be either an advantage or disadvantage, depending on what the person wants.)

Disadvantages :

1.Teacher-centered approach.

2.Culture is not a major aspect of TPRS.

3.Accuracy is not the focus, but rather fluency is the focus (can be either positive or negative, depending on the learner’s wants).


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